Brazil’s academic institutions are embarking on a major internet services upgrade, to enable the country to participate in the surge of new data expected in the fields of high-energy physics and astronomy as new equipment comes online.
The project links Brazil’s academic community with the rest of the world at higher speeds of 100 gigabits per second (Gbps) through the internet’s Miami hub, where existing undersea cables from Latin America converge.
The project is supervised by ANSP (Academic Network at São Paulo). This group was set up 25 years ago to provide local data links between research institutions in Brazil and the US, such as the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) in Chicago. In 2009 a 10 Gbps link to the US was installed. Currently, the maximum data speed available for connection with US data networks is 40 Gbps. That’s substantially higher than the connection speed of 2 gigabits available to long-suffering commercial or retail consumers.
The planned upgrade anticipates a major surge of data flowing to and from Latin American researchers in the high-energy physics and astronomy fields, from 2015 onwards. This includes the high-energy line upgrades at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider in Switzerland, and the start-up of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) – based at Cerro Pachon, in Chile. This 6.4 meter diameter telescope is now under construction. You can read more by clicking here:agencia.fapesp.br/9085). You can read our feature about the astronomy megaprojects planned for teh Chilean Andes by clicking here.
This will be the world’s first super-high speed internet link between northern and southern hemispheres, and will put Brazilian researchers “in the loop” with international colleagues working with mass data. In early 2014 the US academic data network Internet2 and its European counterpart Géant tested a new 100 Gbps link between New York and Amsterdam. Internet2 is also linking up Miami and San Francisco and from thence to Japan and the Asia Pacific Advanced Network also transmitting data at 100 Gbps.
In the United States, the academic counterparty for Brazil’s ANSP and its national equivalent RNP (National Research Network), will be the Center for Internet Augmented Research and Assessment da Florida International University (Ciara-FIU).